Hypoactive sexual desire
The hypoactive sexual desire implies very low levels of sexual desire which is translated on difficulties for taking the initiative on sexual intercourse, or difficulties for responding to the sexual desire of the partner. It can be primary, it means that the person has been experiencing very low levels of sexual desire from the beginning, or it can also be secondary which means that after having experienced normal levels of sexual desire, suddenly such levels have been decreased.
This problem can also be associated specifically to one sexual partner, it means that the person experiences normal levels of sexual desires in regards to other people, but does not feel the same desire for his or her current sexual partner.
According to the study made by Women’s International Sexuality and Health Survey, about sixty six percent of menopausal women experience hypoactive sexual desire, and ninety seven percent of these women are experiencing severe disorders on their emotional relationships and their quality of life. In the case of men, the frequency is lesser; the seventy percent of patients with more than fifty years of age is affected by hypoactive sexual desire, and that percentage is increased proportionally to the age of men.
It is fundamental to make a correct diagnosis, since in many occasions the case can be just a discrepancy of levels of sexual desire between the members of a couple, in such cases is required couple therapy in order to accommodate rhythms and demand of both partners.
Most frequent symptoms of hypoactive sexual desire
The main symptom for such disorder is the absolute lack of interest for sexual life; situations with high levels of erotic content which used to affect the person in the past now do not produce any effect at all. When the person is not with a sexual couple and can tolerate it for long periods of time, is another indicator of hypoactive sexual desire.
In many cases the hypoactive sexual desire can also be accompanied by other sexual disorders such as male sexual impotence, delayed ejaculation, pain on the process of penetration, lack of vaginal lubrication and the incapacity of having an orgasm; such disorders can only decrement even more the low quality of the sexual life of the couple until such sexual life completely disappears.
Main causes for hypoactive sexual desire
Causes can include organic factors and psychosocial factors, and in many cases both types of causes can be combined. Organic causes include certain chronic medical diseases such as renal insufficiency, cardiac insufficiency, diabetes and hepatic insufficiency.
Organic causes may also include alterations on the levels of certain hormones during the menopause on women or during the andropause on men where the testosterone (hormone responsible for sexual desire) is significantly decreased. In many cases the chronic intake of a great variety of medicines or drugs such as tobacco and alcohol can also be the cause for such disorder. The psychosocial factors include stress, problems with the partner as low levels of communication.