Medical and psychological aspects of sexual dysfunctions

The sexuality is an aspect of the human being that reflects with more clarity the combined action of psychological factors (for instance, the attitudes related to sex), biological factors (like the incidence of hormones), and social factors such as the religious education. The World Health Organization defined sexual health as the integration of emotional, somatic, social and intellectual elements through ways capable of potentiating the communication, personality and love. All of these factors are interlaced with the human sexuality; therefore sexuality cannot be understood if these factors are separated from it.

Sexual dysfunctions are defined as those alterations which take place on the sexual response (on the phases of desire, arousal, orgasm or resolution) of a person in a recurrent and persistent way leading to a sensation of frustration and unhappiness and therefore which constitute a problem.

Hypo-active sexual desire (A decrement of sexual desire)

It consists on a persistent loss of sexual fantasies and the desire of having sex. This disorder can affect both women and men, and it can be related to traumatic experiences during childhood or adolescence, it can also be related with the suppression of sexual fantasies and with abnormally low levels of testosterone (on men and women). Frequently, the problem emerges after years of having experienced a normal sexual desire.

Other causes involve the boredom and monotony on a relationship, depression, disorders on the hormonal balance and the use of sedatives, certain antihypertensive drugs and tranquillizers. When the cause is boredom, the affected person can experience very little desire for her partner, and yet feel normal or even intense sexual desire for other person.

Female sexual arousal disorder

It is the persistent or recurrent incapacity for having and maintaining the response to sexual stimulation and the proper lubrication of the vagina from the beginning until the end of the sexual intercourse. The problem can last during the whole life, or it can also emerge after a period of normal sexual performance. The psychological factors as depression, marital conflicts and stressing situations are the factors with more incidences on the emergence of female sexual arousal disorder.

A woman can also be affected by the female sexual arousal disorder if she associates sex with sin and sexual pleasure with guilt. The fear to intimacy can also be an important component for this disorder. The lack of knowledge of techniques of sexual arousal is also a trigger of female sexual arousal disorder.

Erectile dysfunction on men

Erectile dysfunction on men is a persistent or recurrent incapacity of having and maintaining an erection on the entire course of sexual intercourse. It is considered normal if its occurrence is sporadic, and it takes importance if appears at least on twenty five percent of the situations. The most frequent cause for erectile dysfunction on men is the anxiety related to sexual performance, and the fear to failure. It can emerge as a consequence of frustrating or traumatic sexual experiences and the lack of stimulation.

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